Researchers Database

YOSHIMURA Akiko

FacultyFaculty Division of Humanities and Social Sciences Research Group of Language and Culture
PositionProfessor
Last Updated :2022/10/05

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Profile and Settings

  • Name (Japanese)

    YOSHIMURA
  • Name (Kana)

    Akiko

Degree

  • Master of Arts (English Linguistics), Osaka University, Mar. 1990
  • Ph.D (Linguistics), Osaka University, Mar. 1997

Research Interests

  • negative polarity
  • Utterance Interpretation
  • communication
  • metaphor
  • irony
  • explicit meaning (expllicature)
  • implicit meaning (implicature)
  • 言語学・英語学
  • 意味論・語用論
  • 認知語用論
  • 推論

Research Areas

  • Humanities & social sciences, English linguistics

Research Experience

  • Apr. 2012, 9999, Nara Womens University, Faculty Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, Professor, Japan
  • Apr. 2005, Mar. 2012, Faculty of Letters, Nara Women's University, Faculty of Letters, Professor
  • Apr. 1999, Mar. 2005, Nara Womens University, Faculty of Letters, associate professor, Japan
  • Apr. 2017, Mar. 2021, Nara Women's University, Vice President (International Affairs)

Education

  • Feb. 1993, Mar. 1993, University of London,, School of Oriental and African Studies,, Linguistic Department, United Kingdom
  • Apr. 1990, Mar. 1993, Osaka University, Graduate School of Letters, 博士後期課程, Japan
  • Apr. 1988, Mar. 1990, Osaka University, Graduate School of Letters, 博士前期課程, Japan
  • Apr. 1979, Mar. 1983, Osaka University, Faculty of Letters, 文学科 英語学専攻, Japan

Association Memberships

  • 阪大英文学会, Apr. 1988, 9999
  • Berkeley Linguistics Society, Nov. 1993, 9999
  • Linguistic Society of America, Nov. 1997, 9999
  • Internatioanl Pragmatics Association, Nov. 1992, 9999
  • Linguistics Association of Great Britain, May 1995, 9999
  • 関西言語学会, Nov. 1989, 9999
  • 日本語用論学会, Dec. 1999, 9999
  • 日本言語学会, Nov. 1989, 9999
  • 日本英語学会, Apr. 1989, 9999
  • American Pragmatics Association, Apr. 2012, 9999
  • 日本英文学会, May 1989, Mar. 2009
  • 日本認知科学会, May 1994, Mar. 2004

Academic Contribution

  • 『言語研究』(日本言語学会学会誌), 2020, 2020
  • 市河賞審査委員会(著書), 語学教育研究所, 01 Apr. 2014, 31 Mar. 2017
  • English Linguistics (日本英語学会学会誌), 2016, 2016
  • 日本英語学会学会賞審査委員会(著書), 日本英語学会, 2015, 2015
  • Lingua, Elsevier, 2015, 2015
  • Journal of Pragmatics, Elsevier, 2014, 2014

Ⅱ.研究活動実績

Published Papers

  • Not Refereed, 『欧米言語文化研究』, 「皮肉発話と感情表出」(単著), 吉村あき子, 30 Dec. 2021, 第9号,, 91, 106,
  • Not Refereed, 『奈良女子大学国際交流センター年報2020』,, 「奈良女子大学(NWU)セブ島プロジェクト-奈良女子大学とセブ島英会話学校の連携から派遣留学生拡大へ-」(単著), 吉村あき子, Nov. 2021, 1, 35,
  • Not Refereed, 『欧米言語文化研究』, 奈良女子大学文学部欧米言語文化学会, 「アイロニーとアブダクション」(単著), 吉村あき子, 30 Dec. 2020, 第8号,, 43, 59,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, _Studies in European and American Language and Culture_,, Society for the Study of European and American Language and Culture, Faculty of Letters, Nara Women's University, “Another Property of Irony: Findings from Observing Story Ironies” (single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, 30 Dec. 2019, Vol.7,, 15, 35,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『英語学を英語授業に活かす―市河賞の精神(こころ)を受け継いで―』開拓社,, 小池正幸, 窪園晴夫, 小菅和也 (著 編集)、開拓社, 「Have you seen him yet?は なぜ「彼にもう会いましたか?」なのか」(単著), 吉村あき子, 25 Sep. 2018, 285, 304,, In book
  • Not Refereed, 『欧米言語文化研究』, 奈良女子大学文学部欧米言語文化学会, 「分析的推意と拡張的推意」(単著), 吉村あき子, 30 Dec. 2017, 第5号,, 23, 45,, Scientific journal
  • Refereed, _Papers from the Thirty-Third Conference and from the English International Spring Forum of The English Linguistic Society of Japan (JELS 33)_,, 日本英語学会, Deduced Implicatures and Created Implicatures, 吉村あき子, 2016, Vol.33,, 209, 215,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『<不思議>に満ちたことばの世界ー中島平三教授退職記念刊行物ー』, 開拓社, 「帰属否定のノデハナイとワケデハナイ」(単著), 吉村あき子, 31 Mar. 2017, 465, 470,, In book
  • Not Refereed, 『教育システム研究』, 奈良女子大学教育システム研究開発センター, 「沖縄を英語で学ぶ ―英語科教育法における教科連携型教材を活用した協同学習の可能性―」(共著), 秋山啓子; 吉村 あき子, Mar. 2017, 第12号,, 177, 182,, Research institution
  • Not Refereed, 『欧米言語文化研究』, 奈良女子大学文学部欧米言語文化学会, The Timing of Introducing English Study : Language and Communicational Abilities, 吉村あき子, 30 Dec. 2016, 第4号,, 4, 33, 50,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『欧米言語文化研究』, 奈良女子大学文学部欧米言語文化学会, 「帰属否定と記述否定」(単著), 吉村あき子, 30 Dec. 2015, 第3号,, 37, 70,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『言葉のしんそう(深層・真相)』英宝社,, 大庭幸男教授退職記念論文集 英宝社, 「発話の推意と推論規則」(単著), 吉村あき子, 14 Mar. 2015, 513, 524,, In book
  • Not Refereed, 『欧米言語文化研究』, 奈良女子大学文学部欧米言語文化学会, 「メタファーのカテゴリー分析とシネクドキ」(単著), 吉村あき子, 30 Dec. 2014, 第2号,, 43, 58,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, _Proceedings of the 16th Conference of the Pragmatics Society of Japan_,, The Pragmatics Society of Japan, "Relevance and Another Type of Implicature" (single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, This is a contracted version of the paper with the same title: Yoshimura, Akiko (single-author), “Relevance and Another Type of Implicature,” Studies in European and American Language and Culture, Vol. 1, pp.1-22, Society for the Study of European and American Language and Culture, the Faculty of Letters, Nara Women’s University (2013.12.30)., Dec. 2014, 379, 386,, International conference proceedings, True
  • Refereed, _Journal of Pragmatics_, ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, Descriptive/metalinguistic Dichotomy?: Toward a New Taxonomy of Negation, Akiko Yoshimura, This paper proposes, based on Japanese data, that Horn's (1985) descriptive/metalinguistic dichotomy of negation should be replaced with a distinction between OBJECTION and DESCRIPTION, and that the taxonomy with an abstract, logical view of negation should be replaced by a functional, cognitive-pragmatic (relevance-theoretic) view. Horn's descriptive negation (DN) represents a truthfunctional operator, taking a proposition p into a proposition not-p, and "metalinguistic" negation (MN) represents a non-truth-functional operator, objecting to a previous utterance. While it is hard for English to distinguish ON from MN based only on their forms, Japanese external negation is marked by a number of forms, each of which is sensitive to different properties. Based on a close examination of three Japanese negatives, nai (:= not), node wa nai it is not that...) and wake de wa nai it does not follow/mean that...), this paper extracts three properties that contribute to the taxonomy of negation (i.e. objection as a function, attribution in Wilson's (2000) sense, and the conceptuality of the negation target), and concludes that the 'attribution' of the lower representation (and its resulting function 'objection'), but not truth-functionality, is a crucial property for the dichotomy of (at least Japanese) sentence negation. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved., Oct. 2013, Vol.57,, 39, 56,, Scientific journal, True
  • Not Refereed, 『ことばを見つめて』英宝社,, 吉村あき子・須賀あゆみ・山本尚子 (共編著) 英宝社, 「日本語の外部否定表現再考」(単著), 吉村あき子, 14 Mar. 2012, 511, 525,, In book
  • Not Refereed, 『日本語学』, 明治書院, 「関連性理論 ―発話解釈モデルと認知科学的志向性― 」(単著), 吉村あき子, 15 Nov. 2011, Vol.30, 14, 106, 114,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, _Proceedings of the 12th Conference of the Pragmatics Society of Japan_, The Pragmatics Society of Japan, "On Horn's Descriptive/Metalinguistic Dichotomy of Negation"(single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, 03 Nov. 2010, 217, 220, International conference proceedings
  • Not Refereed, 『否定と言語理論』開拓社,, 開拓社, 「否定と語用論」(単著), 吉村あき子, 18 Jun. 2010, 332, 356,, In book
  • Refereed, 『日本エドワード・サピア協会 研究年報』, 日本エドワード・サピア協会, 「メタ言語否定とノデハナイ」(単著), 吉村あき子, Mar. 2010, 第23号,, 25, 37,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『人間文化研究科年報』, 奈良女子大学大学院人間文化研究科, 「日本語のメタ言語否定と「ワケデハナイ」」(単著), 吉村あき子, 31 Mar. 2010, 第25号,, 1, 13,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『奈良女子大学文学部研究教育年報』, 奈良女子大学文学部, 「否定の語用論研究をめぐる境界問題」(単著), 吉村あき子, Mar. 2009, 第5号,, 57, 69,, Research institution
  • Not Refereed, 『阪大英文学叢書4 ことばと視点』英宝社,, 英宝社、大阪大学英文学会, 「メタファー発話の類似性レベルと解釈課程」(単著), 吉村あき子, Nov. 2007, 149, 169,, In book
  • Not Refereed, 『奈良女子大学文学部研究教育年報』, 奈良女子大学文学部, 「「メタ言語否定」を巡る論争の吟味 ―その示唆するもの―」(単著), 吉村あき子, Mar. 2006, 第2号,, 135, 146,, Research institution
  • Not Refereed, 『言葉のからくり --河上誓作教授退官記念論文集』英宝社,, 英宝社, 「「一般的会話の含意」とメタ言語否定」(単著), 吉村あき子, Mar. 2004, 617, 631,, In book
  • Not Refereed, _Proceedings of the Sophia Symposium on Negation_, ed. by Yasu-hiko Kato, Sophia University, Tokyo., Sophia University, "A Cognitive-Pragmatic Approach to Metalinguistic Negation" (single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, Feb. 2002, 113, 132,, International conference proceedings
  • Not Refereed, Bulletin of the Language Institute of Gakushuuin University No. 24, 学習院大学言語共同研究所, “The Target of Metalinguistic Use of Negation: A Unified Characterization from the Cognitive Processing Point of View” (single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, Dec. 2000, 第24号,, 109, 118,, International conference proceedings, True
  • Not Refereed, 『言語』, 大修館書店., 大修館書店, 「*一滴でも飲まなかった/ *飲んだ」(単著), 吉村あき子, Nov. 2000, 第29巻, 第11号, 52, 58,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『研究年報』奈良女子大学文学部,, 奈良女子大学文学部, 「メタ言語否定の否定対象に関する一考察 ―認知処理プロセスにおける統一的規定の可能性―」(単著), 吉村あき子, Dec. 2000, 第44号,, 51, 66,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『英語青年』(研究社), 研究社, 「メタ言語否定と関連性理論」(単著), 吉村あき子, Oct. 2000, 第146巻, 第7号, 438, 439,
  • Not Refereed, 『藤井春彦先生退官記念論文集』英宝社,, 「日本語の否定環境」(単著), 吉村あき子, Mar. 2000, 961, 972,, In book
  • Not Refereed, 『英語青年』(研究社), 研究社, 「否定極性へのアプローチ—否定極性現象の意味論的・認知語用論的側面—」(単著), 吉村あき子, Dec. 1998, 第144巻, 第9号, 544, 546,, Scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『大阪学院大学外国語論集』, 大阪学院大学外国語学会, 「英語における否定環境の意味論的階層性」(単著), 吉村あき子, Mar. 1998, 第37号,, 37, 130, 151,, Research institution
  • Refereed, _Relevance Theory: Applications and Implications_, John Benjamins,, John Benjamins, Amsterdam, "Procedural Semantics and Metalinguistic Negation" (single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, Dec. 1997, 105, 122,, International conference proceedings, True
  • Not Refereed, Osaka Gakuin University Foreign Linguistic and Literary Studies, 大阪学院大学外国語学会, "Negative Polarity in Comparatives: The Need for Contrastive Assumptions", YOSHIMURA Akiko, Mar. 1996, No.33,, 152, 173,, Scientific journal, True
  • Not Refereed, 『大阪学院大学通信』, 「コミュニケーションに見られる尺度含意」(単著), 吉村あき子, Apr. 1995, 第26巻, 第1号, 3, 15,
  • Not Refereed, 『大阪学院大学外国語論集』,, 大阪学院大学外国語学会, 「Hilbert Systemにおける関連性の原則とデフォルト論理」(単著), 吉村あき子, Sep. 1995, 第32号,, 32, 56,, Research institution
  • Not Refereed, _Osaka University Papers in English Linguistics_,, Department of Linguistics, Osaka University, "Negative Polarity Phenomena in Adversative Constructions" (joint paper), YOSHIMURA Akiko; Michael T. Wescoat, Dec. 1995, Vol. 2,, 211, 221,, Research institution
  • Refereed, _Proceedings of the 20th Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (BLS 20)_,, Berkeley Linguistics Society, "A Cognitive Constraint on Negative Polarity Phenomena" (single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, Dec. 1994, 599, 610,, Scientific journal, True
  • Not Refereed, _Osaka University Papers in English Linguistics_,, Department of Linguistics, Osaka University, "Pragmatic and Cognitive Aspects of Negative Polarity" (single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, Jul. 1993, Vol. 1,, 141, 173,, Scientific journal, True
  • Not Refereed, 『待兼山論叢』, 大阪大学文学部, 「メタ否定の手続き的考察」(単著), 吉村あき子, Jul. 1993, 第27号, 文学篇, 33, 48,, Research institution
  • Not Refereed, _Osaka University Papers in English Lin-guistics_,, Department of Linguistics, Osaka University, "Explicature and Implicature Formation in the Modeling of Metaphor and Metonymy" (single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, Jul. 1993, Vol. 1,, 175, 184,, Scientific journal, True
  • Not Refereed, 『成田義光教授還暦祝賀論文集』英宝社,, 大阪大学文学部英語学教室, 「何故日本語は述語否定なのか」(単著), 吉村あき子, 20 Jul. 1992, 355, 369,, In book
  • Refereed, _English Linguistics_,, English Linguistic Society of Japan, "The Cognitive Structure of Negation as an NPI-Licensing Condition" (single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, This paper argues that negative polarity items like any and ever are words which constrain mental processes in the sense of Blakemore (1987), and this may be viewed as an NPI-licensing condition. These words require that a proposition corresponding to an utterance containing NPIs should be processed in what I call the cognitive structure of negation. Relevance theory, proposed by Sperber and Wilson (1986), provides an adequate way of describing this mental process. The infelicity of NPIs in certain environments which would pose problems for Ladusaw (1979) is explicable under my analysis. It leads us to an interesting claim about the human congnitive processing procedure. © 1992, The English Linguistic Society of Japan. All rights reserved., Nov. 1992, Vol.9,, 244, 264,, Scientific journal, True
  • Not Refereed, _Osaka Literary Review_,, 大阪大学英文学談話会, 「Everについての基礎的考察」(単著), 吉村あき子, Dec. 1990, No.29,, 36, 50,, Research institution
  • Not Refereed, _Osaka Literary Review_,, 大阪大学英文学談話会, 「Yetについての一考察 ― yet, already, still, any moreと「まだ」と「もう」―」(単著), 吉村あき子, Dec. 1989, No.28,, 16, 29,, Scientific journal

MISC

  • 2. 2020, 第8号, 43, 59,
  • Not Refereed, 『英語教育』(大修館書店), 大修館書店, 「語用論とコミュニケーション」(単著) (書評:今井邦彦 監訳、岡田聡宏/井門亮/松崎由貴/古牧久典 訳2013『語用論キーターム事典』開拓社)(単著), 吉村あき子, 01 Aug. 2014, Vol.63, 5, 91, 92,, Book review
  • Not Refereed, NWU Today, 奈良女子大学, 「発話の明示的意味の内部レベル」(単著), 吉村あき子, Oct. 2013, Vol.21,, 6,, Others
  • Not Refereed, 『英語教育』(大修館書店), 大修館書店, 「意味を科学する」(単著) (書評:今井邦彦・西山佑司 2012『ことばの意味とは何だろう』岩波書店)(単著), 吉村あき子, 01 Mar. 2013, Vol.61, 13, 95, 96,, Book review
  • Not Refereed, 月刊『言語』(大修館書店), 大修館書店, 書評空間:ロビン・カーストン 著, 内田聖二・西山祐司・武内道子・山崎英一・松井智子訳『思考と発話 –明示的伝達の語用論』 研究社 (原著:Robyn Carston (2002) Thoughts and Utterances: The Pragmatics of Explicit Communication, Blackwell) (単著), 吉村あき子, Jul. 2008, Vol.37, No.7, 119,, Book review
  • Not Refereed, 『リレーエッセイ ことばと言語学を考える』(言語学出版社フォーラム), 言語学出版社フォーラム, 「ことばが面白いと思ったのは...」(単著), 吉村あき子, 27 Feb. 2009, Others
  • Not Refereed, 「E-夢 はっしん」(奈良県教育委員会メールマガジン巻頭言), 奈良県教育委員会, 「人とコミュニケーション能力」(単著), 吉村あき子, 01 Feb. 2008, Others
  • Refereed, _Studies in English Literature_, 日本英文学会, "Review: Robyn Carston: Thoughts and Utterances: the Pragmatics of Explicit Communication"(single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, Mar. 2006, English Numver 47,, 316, 323,, Book review
  • Not Refereed, 『学士会会報』, 一般社団法人 学士会, 「女性のライフスタイルとキャリア」(単著) (学士会アーカイブス), 吉村あき子, Sep. 2004, 2004-V, No.848, 40, 45,, Introduction other
  • Not Refereed, 『学園だより』, 奈良女子大学, シリーズ 情報と人間を考える「コミュニケーションとメタ言語否定」(単著), 吉村あき子, Feb. 2004, Vol.73,, 1, 2,, Introduction other
  • Refereed, _Studies in English Literature_,, 日本英文学会, “Review: Ton van der Wouden: Negative Contexts: Collocation, Polarity and Multiple Negation” (single-author), YOSHIMURA Akiko, Mar. 2000, English Numver 2000,, 136, 142,, Book review
  • Not Refereed, 『英語青年』(研究社),, 研究社, "Semantic Transfer"(単著), 吉村あき子, Jan. 2000, 第145巻, 第10号, 659,, Introduction scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『英語青年』(研究社), 研究社, 「メタ言語的否定をめぐる論争」(単著), 吉村あき子, Apr. 1999, 第145巻, 第1号, 41,, Introduction scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『英語青年』(研究社), 研究社, 「関連性理論の動向」(単著), 吉村あき子, Jul. 1999, 第145巻, 第4号, 231, Introduction scientific journal
  • Not Refereed, 『英語青年』(研究社), 研究社, 「一般量化詞理論とGroningen」(単著), 吉村あき子, Oct. 1999, 第145巻, 第7号, 465,, Introduction scientific journal

Books etc

  • A Natural History of Negation, ひつじ書房, 河上誓作監訳; 濱本秀樹; 吉村あき子; 加藤泰彦, Laurence Horn, 第3, 4, 5章 (pp.199-490), 27 Nov. 2018, 858,, pp.199-490,, Not Refereed, 9784894765771, 12112901, rm:research_project_id
  • 『言語の認知とコミュニケーション ―意味論・語用論, 認知言語学, 社会言語学―』(共著), 開拓社, 早瀬尚子; 吉村あき子; 谷口一美; 小松原哲太; 井上逸平; 多々良直弘, 第II部 最新の語用論研究の進展 (pp.68-125) 担当, 27 Nov. 2018, 345, pp.68-125, Not Refereed, 9784758913720, 12112902, rm:research_project_id
  • 『日英対照 英語学の基礎』(共著), くろしお出版, 三原健一; 高見健一 編著 窪薗晴夫; 竝木崇康; 小野尚之; 杉本孝司; 吉村あき子, 第7章 語用論 (pp.177-206), 22 Nov. 2013, 220, pp.177-206, Not Refereed, 9784874246009
  • 『ことばを見つめて』(共編著), 英宝社, 吉村あき子; 須賀あゆみ; 山本尚子, 18 Jun. 2012, 541, Not Refereed, 9784269770454, 12112901, rm:research_project_id
  • 『否定と言語理論』(共編著), 開拓社, 加藤康彦; 吉村あき子; 今仁生美, 18 Jun. 2010, 494, Not Refereed, 9784758921527
  • 『言語の領域 II』(共著), 朝倉書店, 中島平蔵三監修; 今井邦彦編集; 今井邦彦; 吉村あき子; 原大介; 山口治彦; 赤野一郎; 瀬田幸人; 今井朋彦, 第3章 語用論 (pp.25-51) 担当, 20 Apr. 2009, 220, pp.25-51, Not Refereed, 9784254515626
  • 『メタ表示能力と言語獲得に関する認知語用論的研究』(共著), 平成17年度〜平成19年度 科学研究費補助金(基盤研究(C)課題番号17520327)研究成果報告書 pp.1-94+iv, 内田聖二; 吉村あき子; 松井智子, pp.37-83, May 2008, 98, pp.37-83, Not Refereed
  • 『メタ言語否定の認知語用論的研究』(単著), 平成14年度〜平成17年度科学研究費補助金 (基盤研究(C) 課題番号14510521) 研究成果報告書, pp.1-346+iv, 吉村あき子, Mar. 2007, 350, Not Refereed, 12112899, rm:research_project_id
  • 『関連性理論の新展開 --認知とコミュニケーション-- 』(共著), 研究社, 東森勲・吉村あき子, 第1章~第3章 (pp.1-102),, May 2003, 223, pp.1-102, Not Refereed, 4327257214
  • 『極性文脈の認知メカニズム』(単著), 平成10年度〜平成11年度科学研究費補助金 (基盤研究(C)(2 )課題番号10610479) 研究成果報告書, pp.1-104+iv., 吉村あき子, Feb. 2001, 108, 1-108, Not Refereed, 12112897, rm:research_project_id
  • 『英語構文事典』(共著), 大修館書店, 中島平三編; 吉村あき子 他, 第15章否定 (pp.194-211), 10 May 2001, pp.194-211, Not Refereed, 9784469041576, 12112897, rm:research_project_id
  • 『英語学用語辞典』(荒木一雄編), 三省堂., Jan. 1999, Not Refereed
  • 『否定極性現象』(単著) (第33回市河賞受賞), 英宝社, 吉村あき子, 20 Feb. 1999, 302, pp.1-291+xi, Not Refereed, 4269770279, 12112897, rm:research_project_id

Presentations

  • 吉村あき子, 奈良女子大学文学部 研究交流集会, 「皮肉発話と推意」, Oral presentation, 26 Jan. 2022, rm:research_project_id
  • 吉村あき子, 日本認知科学会第38回大会, OS06 [推論に基づくヒト・コミュニケーションの進化と未来], 「アイロニー発話と推論的コミュニケーション」, Nominated symposium, 04 Sep. 2021, 03 Sep. 2021, 05 Sep. 2021, rm:research_project_id
  • 吉村あき子, 第34回 奈良女子大学 英語学・言語学研究会 研究発表, 「アイロニーと推論」, 18 Dec. 2020, False, rm:research_project_id
  • YOSHIMURA Alkiko, 16th International Pragmatics Conference, Lecture (IPrA16), (at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, CHINA), “Another Property of Irony: Findings from Observing Story Ironies”, Oral presentation, 10 Jun. 2019, International Pragmatics Association, Hong Kong, China, True, rm:research_project_id
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, The 29th Nara Women’s University Linguistics Seminar, Oral Presentation,, “On Story Irony”, Oral presentation, 11 May 2019, rm:research_project_id
  • 吉村あき子, 北海道大学言語学セミナー, 連続講義(招待),, 「コミュニケーションとことば―関連性理論の手続き的コード化に注目して―」, Public discourse, 03 Aug. 2015, Japan
  • 吉村あき子, 第12回奈良女子大学 英語学・言語学研究会, 研究発表,, 「推意を導出する推論規則について」, Oral presentation, 01 Sep. 2015, rm:research_project_id
  • 吉村あき子, 日本英語学会第33回大会 (於関西外国語大学), 研究発表(招待),, 「演繹される推意と創作される推意」, Invited oral presentation, 21 Nov. 2015, rm:research_project_id
  • 吉村あき子, 第95回待兼山ことばの会 招待講演,, 「コミュニケーションにおける推意導出プロセスと推論規則」, Invited oral presentation, 18 Dec. 2015, 大阪大学大学院文学研究科英語学教室, 大阪, rm:research_project_id
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, The 7th Nara Women's University Linguistics Seminar, Oral Presentation,, "Metaphoricity", Oral presentation, 13 Sep. 2014
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, The 2nd International Conference of American Pragmatics Assocition (AMPRA2), Lecture, (at UCLA, USA), "Recognition of Metaphoricity", Oral presentation, 19 Oct. 2014, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), USA, United States, True, rm:research_project_id
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, The 3rd Nara Women’s University Linguistics Seminar, Oral Presentation,, “On Attribution”, Oral presentation, 07 Aug. 2013, rm:research_project_id
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, 13th International Pragmatics Conference (IPrA 2013), Lecture, (at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, INDIA), “Attribution and Japanese Negation”, Oral presentation, 09 Sep. 2013, International Pragmatics Association, New Delhi, INDIA, India, True, rm:research_project_id
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, The 16th Annual Conference of Pragmatics Society of Japan, Symposium on ‘Implicature,’ Lecture, (at Keio University, JAPAN), “Relevance and Another Type of Implicature”, Nominated symposium, 08 Dec. 2013, Tokyo, Japan, True, rm:research_project_id
  • 吉村あき子, 第2回メタファー研究会 (於奈良女子大学), 研究発表,, 「メタファーは概念的か伝達的か?―Carston(in press)をめぐって―」, 08 Oct. 2011, rm:research_project_id
  • 吉村あき子, 日本英文学会第 82回 大会 (於神戸大学), 研究発表(招待), 「日英語の文否定」, Invited oral presentation, 30 May 2010, 神戸大学
  • 吉村あき子, KRG談話会/第3回なら山ことばの会 (於奈良女子大学), 研究発表,, “Objection and Attributiveness”, Oral presentation, 09 Mar. 2010
  • 吉村あき子, 第1回メタファー研究会(於関西大学大阪サテライトキャンパス), 話題提供,, メタファー発話の類似性レベルと解釈過程, Oral presentation, 09 May 2009, 関西大学大阪サテライトキャンパス, Japan, rm:research_project_id
  • 吉村あき子, 特別講演 (於金沢大学人間社会環境研究科),, 「記述否定とメタ言語否定?-新しいタクソノミーを求めて-」, Public discourse, 07 Jul. 2009, 金沢, Japan
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, The Annual Meeting of Linguistic Association of Great Britain 2009 (LAGB 2009, at University of Edinburgh, SCOTLAND), "Descriptibe/ Metalinguistic Dichotomy?: A New Taxonomy of Negation", Oral presentation, 08 Sep. 2009, Edinburgh, SCOTLAND, True, rm:research_project_id
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, The 12th Annual Meeting of Pragmatic Society of Japan (at Ryukoku University, JAPAN) Workshop 2: “Aspects of Negation: Neo-Gricean, Relevance-Theoretic and Cognitive Linguistic perspectives,” Panelist,, “On Horn’s Metalinguistic Negation”, Nominated symposium, 05 Dec. 2009, Ryukoku University, Kyoto, JAPAN, Japan, True, rm:research_project_id
  • 吉村あき子, 日本エドワード・サピア協会 第23回研究発表会 (於活水女子大), 「ノデハナイとワケデハナイ ―日本語のメタ言語否定をめぐって―」, Oral presentation, 18 Oct. 2008, 活水女子大学、福岡、日本, Japan, rm:research_project_id
  • 吉村あき子, 日本英語学会第 10 回大会(於東京外国語大学), 「ExplicatureとしてのメトニミーとImplicatureとしてのメタファーとの平行性」, Oral presentation, 07 Nov. 1992
  • 吉村あき子, 第17回関西言語学会 (於大阪大学), ワークショップ General Introduction,, 「否定関連表現の諸相」, Nominated symposium, 21 Nov. 1992
  • 吉村あき子, 日本英語学会第 9 回大会 (於同志社大学), 研究発表, 「NPI-Licensing Conditionとしての否定の認知構造」, Oral presentation, 23 Nov. 1991
  • 吉村あき子, 日本言語学会第101大会 (於国立民族学博物館), 研究発表,, 「Everのライセンスについて」, Oral presentation, 14 Oct. 1990
  • 吉村あき子, 日本英語学会第 7 回大会 (於神戸大学), 研究発表,, 「Yetについての一考察 ― yet, already, still, any moreと「まだ」と「もう」―」, Oral presentation, 18 Nov. 1989
  • 吉村あき子, 日本言語学会第135回大会 (於信州大学) 第1回公開シンポジウム「否定と言語理論」研究発表,, 「否定と語用論」, 25 Nov. 2007, 信州大学、長野、日本
  • 吉村あき子, 日本語用論学会第7回大会 (於甲南女子大学), 研究発表,, 「メタ言語否定と否定の意味」, 11 Dec. 2004, 甲南大学、兵庫、日本, rm:research_project_id
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, Machikaneyama Kotoba-no Kai (at Osaka University, JAPAN), Lecture,, “Negative Contexts and Bipolar Elements in Japanese”, 26 May 2001, Department of English Linguistics, Graduate School of Osaka University, Osaka University, Japan, True, rm:research_project_id
  • 吉村あき子, フランス語談話会 (於京都大学), 研究発表,, 「メタ言語否定再考」, 17 Nov. 2001
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, Sophia Symposium on Negation (at Sophia University, JAPAN), Lecture,, “The Target of Metalinguistic Negation: A Unified Characterization from the Cognitive Processing Point of View”, 07 May 2001, Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan, Japan, True
  • 吉村あき子, 関連性理論研究集会『関連性理論は認知・言語の研究に何を寄与しうるか?』(於学習院大学), 研究発表,, 「メタ言語否定と関連性理論」, 22 Jul. 2000, 学習院大学言語共同研究所, 東京
  • 吉村あき子, 日本英文学会第69回大会 (於宮城学院女子大学), 研究発表, 「否定の意味論的階層性と否定極性現象」, 25 May 1997
  • 吉村あき子, 日本英語学会第 15 回大会(於東京都立大学)ワークショップ ‘Negative Polarity in Current Linguistic Theories’ 研究発表,, “Negative Polarity in Discourse: A Logico-Cognitive Approach”, 23 Nov. 1997
  • 吉村あき子, 第 29 回阪大英文学会, 研究発表, 「ブール特性と否定の意味論的階層性」, 26 Oct. 1996
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, The Autumn Meeting 1995, Linguistics Association of Great Britain (LAGB 1995, at University of Essex, UK), Lecture,, “Negative Polarity in Comparatives: The Need for Contrastive Assumptions”, 20 Sep. 1995, True
  • 吉村あき子, 日本英語学会第 12 回大会(於東京大学)シンポジウム『語用論と認知言語研究』研究発表,, 「関連性理論の貢献と展望 ― Hilbert Systemにおける関連性の原則とデフォルト論理―」, 13 Nov. 1994
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, The 20th Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (BLS 20, at University of California, Berkeley, USA), Lecture,, “A Cognitive Constraint on Negative Polarity Phenomena”, 20 Feb. 1994, True
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, 41th Machikane-yama Kotoba-no Kai (at Osaka University), Lecture,, “A Procedural Perspective on the Interpretation of Metaphor and Metonymy.”, 14 Jan. 1993, True
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, 4th International Pragmatics Conference (IPrA 1993, at Shoin Women’s University in Kobe, JAPAN), Lecture,, "A Procedural Perspective on the Interpretation of Rhetorical Tropes”, 26 Jul. 1993, True
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, International Conference on the Theory of Relevance (at Osaka International House Foundation), Lecture,, “A Procedural View of Metalinguistic Negation”, 29 May 1993, True
  • YOSHIMURA Akiko, 4th International Pragmatics Conference (IPrA 1993, at Shoin Women’s University in Kobe, JAPAN), Lecture,, “Negative Polarity Phenomena in Adversative Constructions”, 30 Jul. 1993, True

Awards

  • 科学研究費助成事業審査委員表彰, 日本学術振興会, 吉村あき子, Oct. 2015, (書面審査), Japan
  • 第33回 市河三喜賞, 一般財団法人 語学教育研究所, 吉村あき子, Oct. 1999, 『否定極性現象』(1999, 英宝社), Japan

Research Projects

  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Apr. 2018, Mar. 2023, 18K00650, アイロニーと認識に関する認知語用論的研究, 吉村あき子, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Nara Women's University, 4160000, 3200000, 960000, 「明日はいい天気だよ」という友人の言葉を信じて一緒にピクニックに出かけ、大雨に降られてその友人に「本当にいい天気ね」というとアイロニーである。現時点(2020.06.13)では、「アイロニーの話者は、発話時点の話者以外の誰かに帰属される思考に対して乖離的態度を表現する」(Wilson 2009)というアイロニーの言語学的定義が広く受け入れられているが、これはギリシア悲劇や状況アイロニーを説明できない。ピクニックの例はことばのアイロニーであり、オイディプス王は出来事の成り行きに感じるストーリー・アイロニー(本研究の用語)である。本研究は、人がアイロニー性を認識する限りにおいて、分析対象のレベルを超えて何らかの共通点があると仮定し、認知処理プロセスの視点から、何が人にアイロニー性を認識させるのかを明らかにすることによって、アイロニーの本質解明を目指すものである。 平成31(令和1)年度は、ストーリー・アイロニーに焦点を当て、アイロニー性に貢献する認知語用論的特性を抽出/ 特定し、その成果を第16回国際語用論学会で口頭発表した。例えば人は、『オイディプス王』のストーリー(「父親を殺す」という神託を受けたオイディプスは、それを避けるために国を離れ、たどり着いた国で怪物退治に関わるが、それと知らずに実の父親を殺すことになる)にアイロニーを感じる。状況アイロニーを含むストーリー・アイロニーをデータに、日本人被験者に調査を実施し、アイロニー性に貢献する認知特性を抽出し、その妥当性を確認した。すなわち、少なくとも日本人がアイロニー(皮肉)を認識するストーリーは、a「対象に対する先行認識と現実認識の間の反対関係的な偽の構造」(河上2018)が生じていること、b先行認識に伴われる意図/願望に基づく行動が現実認識の事象が生じる原因になっていることによって特徴づけられることを明らかにした。, rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:presentations;rm:presentations;rm:presentations;rm:presentations;rm:presentations
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Apr. 2014, Mar. 2018, 26370566, A Cognitive-Pragmatic Approach to Implicatures and Inference Rules: The Mechanism of Drawing Implicatures, YOSHIMURA Akiko, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Nara Women's University, 4550000, 3500000, 1050000, This research aimed at finding out what inference rules actually contribute to the online processes of drawing implicatures in our communication and stipulating a general constraint on the process. Based on the analyses of various cases of implicatures in Japanese and English contexts, this research revealed that, contra Sperber and Wilson's (1995) claims, two types of inference other than deduction, i.e. induction (e.g. abstraction) and abduction, actually contribute to drawing implicatures, and claimed that "Relevance-Guided Comprehensio Heuristic" plays a crucial role as a constraint on this online implicature-drawing process, i.e. to stop the process at a proper point. As for the classification of implicatures, based on the characteristics of the inference rules (whether the hearer's knowledge is expanded or not), this research proposed the dichotomy of implicatures: analytic implicatures and ampliative implicatures., url;rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:misc;rm:books_etc;rm:presentations;rm:presentations;rm:presentations
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), 2011, 2013, 23520586, A Cognitive-Pragmatic Approach to Taxonomy of Negation: Revisit to Descriptive/Metalinguistic Negation, AKIKO Yoshimura, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Nara Women's University, 3640000, 2800000, 840000, This research proposes that Horn's (1985) descriptive/metalinguistic dichotomy of negation should be replaced with a distinction between OBJECTION and DESCRIPTION, and that the taxonomy with an abstract, logical view of negation should be replaced by a functional, cognitive-pragmatic (relevance-theoretic) view. Horn's descriptive negation (DN) represents a truth-functional operator, taking a proposition p into a proposition not-p, and "metalinguistic" negation (MN) represents a non-truth-functional operator, objecting to a previous utterance. This research extracts three properties that contribute to the taxonomy of negation (i.e. objection as a function, attribution in Wilson's(2000) sense, and the conceptuality of the negation target), and concludes that the 'attribution' of the lower representation (and its resulting function 'objection'), but not truth-functionality, is a crucial property for the dichotomy of sentence negation., url;rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:books_etc;rm:books_etc;rm:presentations;rm:presentations
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), 2007, 2009, 19520424, A Cognitive-Pragmatic Approach to the Interpretation Process of Metaphorical Utterances, YOSHIMURA Akiko, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Nara Women's University, 3250000, 2500000, 750000, Metaphor is based on the cognition of various levels of similarity. This research revealed two points : 1) that metaphorical-utterance interpretations involve the addressee's construction, with her/his minimal efforts, of an abstracted schema which is the result of an elaboration to include its source as a prototype and its target as a (peripheral) member, and 2) that metaphorical utterances based on the story-level similarity communicate a new type of implicatures drawn by relevance-constrained inductive inference rules. These results lead to the radical modification and advancement of the most promising cognitive pragmatic theory, "Relevance Theory"., url;rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:presentations;rm:presentations;rm:presentations;rm:presentations
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), 2002, 2005, 14510521, Cognitive Pragmatic Approach to Metalinguistic Negation, YOSHIMURA Akiko, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Nara Women's University, 3200000, 3200000, The result of this research consists of three points: (1) The target of metalinguistic negation is stipulated as "what is necessarily or generally accompanied but not communicated by its attributed utterance or thought." (2) The encoded meaning of negatives in natural languages is more general than a truth-functional operator: The target of negation as a definition is not confined to the truth conditional meaning but includes what is necessarily or generally accompanied by its attributed utterance or thought. (3) The Japanese language has a specific marker to indicate metarepresentational use of language, such as 〜no de wa nai. All the uses of negation in natural languages are fundamentally metarepresentational. Metarepresentational Negation is classified into two groups: attributive use of negation and non-attributive use of negation. Each of these is again classified into two : meta-conceptual negation and meta-linguistic negation. Horn(1985)'s descriptive negation will be included in the non-attributive use of negation and his metalinguistic negation will be included in the attributive use of negation., rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:books_etc;rm:presentations;rm:presentations;rm:presentations;rm:presentations
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), 1998, 1999, 10610479, The Mechanism of Human Cognition on Polarity Contexts, YOSHIMURA Akiko, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), 2700000, 2700000, It is generally accepted that negative contexts in natural languages are monotone decreasing (MD) while positive contexts are monotone increasing (MI). Van der Wouden (1997) claims, based on his data from Dutch, that natural languages universally have a hierarchy of negative contexts which can be defined by the three Boolean properties, i.e.monotone decreasing(MD), anti-additive(AA), antimorphic(AM). This research examined its universality, discovered another property which contributes to the distinction of negative contexts in English and Japanese, and showed that the defining properties of the hierarchy of negation vary among languages. The main results are as follows : (a) native speakers of English are sensitive not to the above three properties but to what we called a'double negative property (DN)', (b) English language has a bias to the weak negative polarity items (NPIs), i.e., that a large part of English NPIs appear in the weakest MD negative contexts, (c) native speakers of Japanese are sensitive to DN and AM properties, (d) Japanese language has a bias to the strong NPIs, i.e., that most of the Japanese NPIs appear in the strongest AM negative contexts and DN contexts, (e) like Dutch, Japanese has bipolar elements such as'itteki-demo', which appear only in the weakest MD and the middle AA negative contexts but not in positive MI contexts nor in the strongest AM negative contexts. What is called'polarity' forms a scale which has two poles of AM and MI, and several grades of negation between them. This research has shown that the ways of our recognizing negative contexts with different strength are not identical among natural languages, though the semantic property of negative environments in the widest sense is universal., rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:published_papers;rm:misc;rm:books_etc;rm:books_etc;rm:books_etc;rm:presentations
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), 2005, 2007, 17520327, A Cognitive Pragmatics Approach to Metarepresentational Ability and Language Acquisition, UCHIDA Seiji; YOSHIMURA Akiko; MATSUI Tomoko, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Nara Women's University, 3560000, 3200000, 360000, The theme of the present research is to try to explore based on relevance theory how metarepresentaition is incorporated into language. Uchida chaired a symposium titled 'On metarepresentation' at the 24th national convention of the English Linguistic Society of Japan. He also read a paper and Matusi contributed to the symposium as one of the speakers. Matusi covered a wide range of metarepresentational phenomena and Uchida introduced a new approach to quotation. The research results are seen in Uchida (2005, 2007a, 2007b), Yoshimura (2006, 2007a, 2007b), and Matsui (2005a, 2005b, 2006a, 2006b, 2007a, 2007b). Among others, Uchida (2005) applies metarepresentational phenomena to free indirect speech and Uchida (2007a) succeeds in explaining a relationship between deixis and metarepresentation. Language acquisition is especially discussed in Uchida (2007b) and Matsui (2005a, 2005b). Uchida (2007b) takes Japanese verbs kureru / morau / ageru as linguistic items where metarepresentational processes are linguistically realized. Matsui (2005a, 2005b) discuss datte in the view of theory of mind. Yoshimura (2006) surveys previous studies on metalinguistic negation and proposes her own original ideas, which leads to the present research. Uchida, et. al. (2008) is a translation of Robyn Carston's Thoughts and Utterances: The Pragmatics of Explicit Communication, to which Uchida and Matsui contributed. The book is a major publication in relevance theory since Sperber and Wilson's Relevance: Communication and Cognition, and the present translation will be of great help to the students and researchers in Japan who are interested in cognitive pragmatics and/or relevance theory.
  • 研究助成, 1996, 1998, 「否定とその関連表現の認知語用論的研究」, 吉村あき子, 大阪学院大学, 大阪学院大学研究助成, 大阪学院大学
  • 「研究成果公開促進費」(一般学術図書), 1998, Principal investigator, 『否定極性現象』, 吉村あき子, 文部科学省, 科学研究費補助金「研究成果公開促進費」(一般学術図書), 大阪学院大学

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1.公的団体の委員等(審議会、国家試験委員、他大学評価委員,科研費審査委員等)

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