Researchers Database


FacultyFaculty Division of Humanities and Social Sciences Research Group of History,Sociology and Geography
Last Updated :2023/09/21


Profile and Settings

  • Name (Japanese)

  • Name (Kana)


Research Areas

  • Humanities & social sciences, Sociology

Research Experience

  • Apr. 2017, 奈良女子大学教授研究院
  • Apr. 2012, 奈良女子大学准教授研究院
  • Apr. 2007, 奈良女子大学准教授文学部
  • Oct. 2004, Mar. 2007, 奈良女子大学助教授文学部
  • Oct. 1999, Sep. 2004, 東京都立大学助手人文学部


  • 1999, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Graduate School, Division of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology

Association Memberships

  • 日本社会学会
  • 日本数理社会学会
  • 日本行動計量学会


Published Papers

  • Not Refereed, May 2021, 2021年5月号, 34, 39
  • Not Refereed, 奈良女子大学社会学論集, 職業選好/回避と客観的地位との関連の検討 -選好/回避の弁別および3モデルの検証-, 林拓也, Mar. 2020, 27, 18, 35, Research institution
  • Refereed, データ分析の理論と応用, Reduced K-means法によるクラスター分析の社会調査データへの応用, HAYASHI Takuya, Aug. 2018, 7, 1, 9-19
  • Refereed, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics, Springer New York LLC, Asymmetric multidimensional scaling of subjective similarities among occupational categories, Akinori Okada; Takuya Hayashi, The subjective similarity among ten occupational categories is analyzed by the asymmetric multidimensional scaling based on singular value decomposition. The similarity among occupational categories is obtained by a procedure where the similarity from occupational categories j to k is judged by respondents engaged in occupational category j, and the similarity from occupational categories k to j is judged by respondents engaged in occupational category k. These two similarities are not necessarily equal. This makes it possible to analyze asymmetric relationships of the subjective similarity. The three-dimensional solution disclosed two kinds of asymmetry between two occupational categories which are caused by the difference of the status between two occupational categories., 2017, 196, 129, 139, International conference proceedings, 10.1007/978-3-319-56294-0_12
  • Not Refereed, 都市社会研究, 子どもの進学と家庭の社会経済的背景, HAYASHI Takuya, Mar. 2017, 9, 83-98
  • Refereed, 行動計量学, 主観的距離評定に基づく職業認知次元と集団分化の析出 ―Reduced K-meansクラスター分析の適用―, HAYASHI Takuya, Mar. 2017, 44, 1, 73-84
  • Not Refereed, Nara Women's University Sociological Studies, Nara Women's University, Cognitive Perspective on Occupational Social Distance: Review of Researches and a Tentative Analysis, HAYASHI Takuya, This paper focuses on the structure of occupational cognition from the standpoint of "socialdistance". The research and measurement of social distance has its origin in the works of E. S.Bogardus. For the social distance among occupations, developing and systematic researches weredone by E.O. Laumann, who described urban social stratification structure by both subjective andobjective social distance, and by multidimensional social space. After that, Laumann's works weresucceeded as social interaction distance (SID) approach. Reviewing also thestudies in Japan, Iemphasize the importance of "cognition" side of subjective social distance, rather than "orientation"side, for research on class consciousness. In a small and preliminary Web-basedsurvey conducted in2012, I asked respondents a sense of distance to 36 occupations in 7-point scale.To investigate thestructure of these cognitive distance, Q-mode principal component analysis is carried out,and thenmapping technique is applied to show the distance vector of each sex-occupation group ofrespondents. According to configuration of occupations in the 2-dimensional space extracted, animportant criterion of cognitive distance is continuous social status,but several groups also haveother criteria: manual/non-manual labor and gender segregation.The implications for future studiesare also discussed., Mar. 2014, 21, 21, 19-33, 33
  • Refereed, 社会学評論, A Reconsideration on Occupational Aspiration: Quantitative Analysis on the Data of the Similarity Judgment and Preference of Occupations, HAYASHI Takuya, Dec. 2012, 63, 3, 359-375
  • Not Refereed, Nara Women's University Sociological Studies, Nara Women's University, An Analysis on the Preference Structure of Firm Systems Using Vignettes and MDPREF: Focused on the Job Diversification Type of Work-sharing, HAYASHI Takuya, The importance of firm systems is often asked in a survey to investigate the work orientation of respondents. In this paper we focus on the preference of the firms adopting "job diversification type of work-sharing" and measure work orientation including the information of other firm systems or conditions. For the measurement, two methods are utilized. One is the research design using "vignette", the description of fictitious situations; we put together several firm systems as the setsof profile of firms in our survey design. Another is "MDPREF", an analytical procedure for rank structure; we apply it to the survey data to extract the major dimensions of preference structure of firm systems. Additionally, we introduce the features of firms fixed as factors in the vignette designinto the interpretation of extracted dimensions. The respondents, the sample of female college students, regard the system for work-life-balance as of importance on the whole, which is observed as the first dimension. For the second dimension, their preferences are differentiated according tothe type of employment a firm adopts; the regular employee or the "job diversification type of work-sharing". Several implications of these outcome, from the standpoints of actual situation and methodology, are discussed., Mar. 2011, 18, 18, 19-32, 32
  • Not Refereed, Annual report of Graduate Division of Human Culture, Nara Women's University, The Applicability of Survey Research Design using Vignettes : Cases of “Women’s Ideal Life Courses” and “Status Evaluation of Married Women”, HAYASHI Takuya, The survey research design using "vignette(s)", the description of fictitious situations, have been applied mostly to the subjects related to policy. Focusing on the merits of vignette to provide concreteness(reality) by description of a situation and to control the factors affecting responses, this paper explores the applicability of vignette survey to sociological subjects which treat one's choice of behavior and/or one's attitude. Two cases of survey are introduced to compare with the findings from previous studies; one is on women's ideal life courses, another is on status evaluation of married women, both of which are conducted for female students in a university. The survey of "ideal life course" shows that each respondent's choiceof work, which has been set to make single choice in a general survey design, is variable with family environments differed such as child's age or husband's income. Additionally, the effects of factors on thedegree of division of household labor are examined and compared. The survey of "status evaluation" is designed to make respondents compare and evaluate fictitious married women in various situations, whilein the design of previous studies they have evaluated only respondents' own situation. It is found that a married woman's status is measured not only by the status of her own but also by those of family members, which contributes to examine hypothetical models on women's status. Finally, several points tobe kept into mind in conducting vignette surveys are also discussed., Mar. 2010, 25, 25, 147-158, 158
  • Refereed, Sociological Theory and Methods, Occupational Orientation Derived from the Association of Feature - Preference of Career Models : A Comparison with the Result from Feature - Importance Procedure, HAYASHI Takuya, Mar. 2010, 47, 125-143
  • Not Refereed, Nara Women's University Sociological Studies, Nara Women's University, The Difference of Response Patterns by Survey Modes in View of the Relationship between Respondents and Interviewers : An Examination by a Mixed-Mode Survey and Multiple Correspondence Analysis, HAYASHI Takuya, The method of 'mixed-mode' has the potential to ensure a wider range of respondents in a survey, whereas an inherent problem of it is the difference of response patterns between the modes.This paper focuses on the relation between respondents and interviewers in face-to-face interview mode, which sometimes gives rise to response biases, and explores in which kind of relationship the different response patterns from those of self-administration mode would appear. The dataset comes from a survey, the subjects of which are university students. The interviewers are also the students of the same university and the "social distance" between a respondent and an interviewer is measured by their faculty and grade as the indices of relationship. On a lot of items in the Questionnaire the mode effect and the interaction effect of mode and social distance are inspected.These effects are partly found, but not to say the systematic biases. However, from the standpoint of "set" of items and discrete measurement of each of them, multiple correspondence analyses (MCA) reveal several different response patterns among modes. The result would imply the importance of each relationship between a respondent and an interviewer which is individually based on the content of questions., Mar. 2009, 16, 16, 43-60, 60
  • Not Refereed, 奈良女子大学 人間文化研究科年報, The Structure of Classification of Occupations in Free-Sorting: An Examination of Consensus on Judgment and the Application of Multiple Correspondence Analysis, HAYASHI Takuya, Mar. 2009, 24
  • Refereed, International Journal of Japanese Sociology, The Possibility of Mixed-Mode Surveys in Sociological Studies, Takuya Hayashi, Abstract: This paper explores the possibility of the mixed-mode survey in Japan in order to ensure a wider range of respondents, focusing on the specific type of mixture that is designed to make contact with a respondent by more than one mode and in which a respondent can choose an alternative mode convenient for him or her. The dataset mainly used comes from the survey Study on the Social Composition of the Urban Local Community conducted in Shinagawa Ward of Tokyo in 1999. Three other studies are introduced for additional information. As an indicator of the effectiveness of a mixed-mode design, the response rates of four studies are examined and some improvement in the response rates is observed, compared to that of a single-mode design. Another indicator is the representativeness of a sample and it is evaluated using the data of the Shinagawa survey. When the discrepancy between valid respondents and the population on some demographic characteristics is regarded as representation bias, a mixed-mode design is found to reduce the bias. An inherent problem in a mixed-mode design is “mode effect.” In order to control for the mode effect in analyses, the inclusion of an additional variable indicating “mode” in the model is recommended. It is further suggested that the interaction effects between the “mode” and the respondents’ traits should be checked, on the assumption that the survey mode affects respondents differently. The attempts are made and discussed in this paper using two variables drawn from the Shinagawa survey. © 2007 The Author., 2007, 16, 1, 51, 63, Scientific journal, 10.1111/j.1475-6781.2007.00099.x
  • Not Refereed, Nara Women's University Sociological Studies, Nara Women's University, Measurement of Multi-Dimensional Cognitive Features of Occupation and Orientation : Similarity Data and Dimensions Extracted Using MDS, HAYASHI Takuya, This paper investigates the method to measure a multi-dimensional occupational orientation, based on the assumption that one's occupational orientation may be ascertained by the association between occupational features and one's preference for occupations. Prior researches relied on surveys with questions focusing on several specific occupational features that were thought to be important. However, such method world only allow the measurement of occupational orientation based on the pre-specified occupational features, and it excludes any other features that might also be relevant. The present study, therefore, first attempts to elicit latent dimensions of occupational features using a Multi-dimensional Scaling (MDS) technique. A survey of a small number of female college students was conducted. in which the respondents sorted various occupations into groups according to similarity (so-called a "pile-sort" method). The Multi-dimensional Scaling of judged similarities between all pairs of occupations extracted three latent cognitive dimensions of occupational features: "public interest," "skill," and "discretion." Next, the effects of these three dimensions on occupational preference were examined and they were found to be equally significant, verifying the existence of all three dimensions in the respondents' occupational orientations. Finally, these three dimensions were assessed in relation to the "status orientation" that has been considered important in previous studies., Mar. 2007, 14, 14, 1-16, 16
  • Not Refereed, Nara Women's University Sociological Studies, An Analytical Model of Job Orientation and the Difference among Individuals : Application of Multilevel Analysis on Occupational Images and Preferences, HAYASHI Takuya, Mar. 2006, 13, 115-128
  • Not Refereed, 人文学報, 職業志向の多元的構造を捉える枠組み ―プロファイル法によるコンジョイント分析モデルの適用に向けて―, HAYASHI Takuya, Mar. 2004, 349, 67-88
  • Not Refereed, 人文学報, キャリア・アスピレーションの規定要因 ―キャリア形成期にある男性雇用者を対象として―, HAYASHI Takuya, Mar. 2002, 328, 39-60
  • Refereed, 総合都市研究, キャリア・アスピレーションをめぐる構造要因と社会化要因, HAYASHI Takuya, Dec. 2001, 76, 41-55
  • Not Refereed, 人文学報, 地位達成アスピレーションに関する一考察 ― 先行研究の検討とキャリア・アスピレーション研究の展望―, HAYASHI Takuya, Mar. 2001, 318, 45-70
  • Not Refereed, 都市問題, 就学・就職を媒介とする都市流入 ―1995年SSM調査より―, HAYASHI Takuya, Sep. 2000, 91, 9, 33-46
  • Refereed, 社会学評論, 地位達成における地域間格差と地域移動 ―学歴・初職に対する影響の計量分析―, HAYASHI Takuya, Dec. 1997, 48, 3, 334-349
  • Refereed, 総合都市研究, 職業的地位とネットワーク特性, HAYASHI Takuya, Dec. 1997, 64, 25-38
  • Not Refereed, ナント経済月報, 平等化政策への支持態度とその規定要因 ―人々の意識調査に基づく分析―, 林拓也, May 2021, 5月, 34, 39, Research institution


  • Not Refereed, 2023
  • Not Refereed, 社会調査データを用いたポジショニング分析の基礎【2019年9月改訂版】, 林 拓也, Sep. 2019, Lecture materials
  • Not Refereed, 月刊大和路ならら, 奈良における女性の教育と職業(続・続・大学的奈良ガイド 第33講), HAYASHI Takuya, May 2017, 224, 38-39
  • Not Refereed, 社会調査データを用いたポジショニング分析の基礎【2015年2月改訂版】, 林 拓也, Feb. 2015
  • Not Refereed, 社会調査データを用いたポジショニング分析の基礎【2012年3月版】, 林 拓也, Mar. 2012, Lecture materials

Books etc

  • 4771035903
  • 職業間距離の計量社会学 -人々の意識からみる職業の多次元構造-, ナカニシヤ出版, HAYASHI Takuya, 筆頭著者, Jan. 2019, Not Refereed
  • 改訂版 社会統計学入門, 放送大学教育振興会, HAYASHI Takuya, 筆頭著者, Mar. 2018, Not Refereed
  • 学歴社会のゆくえ, HAYASHI Takuya, 分担, Mar. 2018, 21-42, Not Refereed
  • 社会統計学入門, 放送大学教育振興会, HAYASHI Takuya, 筆頭著者, Mar. 2012, Not Refereed
  • 現代日本における社会的地位の測定(平成12-14年度科学研究費補助金基盤研究(B)(2) 報告書, HAYASHI Takuya, 分担, Mar. 2003, 60-79, Not Refereed
  • SSJ Data Archive Research Paper Series 全国大学生活共同組合連合会「学生生活実態調査」の再分析(1991年-2000年), HAYASHI Takuya, 分担, Oct. 2002, 19-35, Not Refereed
  • 講座社会変動 第5巻 流動化と社会格差, ミネルヴァ書房, HAYASHI Takuya, 分担, May 2002, 118-144頁, Not Refereed
  • パーソナルネットワークの構造と変容, 東京都立大学都市研究所, HAYASHI Takuya, 分担, Mar. 2002, 41-62頁, Not Refereed
  • 職業の意識と社会的ネットワークに関する調査研究報告書, HAYASHI Takuya, 筆頭著者, Mar. 2002, Not Refereed
  • 年賀状分析による拡大パーソナルネットワークの研究(平成11-12年度科学研究費補助金 基盤研究(B)(1) 報告書), HAYASHI Takuya, 分担, Mar. 2001, 31-48, Not Refereed
  • 日本の階層システム 第3巻 戦後日本の教育社会, 東京大学出版会, HAYASHI Takuya, 分担, Jul. 2000, 57-76頁, Not Refereed
  • 都市社会のパーソナルネットワーク, 東京大学出版会, HAYASHI Takuya, 分担, Jan. 2000, 41-56頁、57-70頁, Not Refereed
  • 1995年社会階層と社会移動全国調査報告書 第4巻 社会階層の地域的構造, HAYASHI Takuya, 分担, Mar. 1998, 69-86, 87-101, Not Refereed
  • 格差と分断/排除の諸相を読む, 晃洋書房, 林 拓也; 田辺 俊介; 石田 光規; 中尾 啓子; 脇田 彩; 大槻 茂実; 斉藤 裕哉; 星 敦士; 桑名 祐樹, 28 Feb. 2022, 194, 4771035903
  • 続・大学的奈良ガイド, 昭和堂, 奈良女子大学文学部なら学プロジェクト, 奈良における女性の教育と職業, Apr. 2022, 1, 7p, 244-247, Not Refereed, 9784812221150


  • Poster presentation
  • Nakao,K; Hayashi,T; Saitoh,Y, 114th American Sociological Association Annual Meeting (US, New York), Multidimensional Aspects in Occupational Segregation: Cross-cultural Comparisons among Japan, the U.S. , and two European Countries, Oral presentation, 11 Aug. 2019, True
  • Okada,A; Hayashi,T, International Meeting o the Psychometric Society (IMPS) 2019 meeting (Chile, Santiago), Analyzing cognitive similarities among occupational categories by distance-radius asymmetric MDS, Oral presentation, 17 Jul. 2019, True
  • Nakao,K; Hayashi,T; Ohtsuki; S. Wakita,A; Saitoh,Y, 113th American Sociological Association Annual Meeting (US, Philadelphia), Decline in the Educational Premium: Is this a universal trend?, Oral presentation, 11 Aug. 2018, True
  • HAYASHI Takuya, 日本社会学会第90回大会, 国勢調査のオーダーメード集計に基づく職業データの利用 ―性・年齢・学歴に基づく職業間距離の多次元構造の析出―, Oral presentation, Nov. 2017, 東京大学, False
  • Nakao,K; Hayashi,T; Wakita,A; Saitoh,Y, 111th American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Trends in the Effect of Education on Occupational Attainment in Japan, Aug. 2016, American Sociological Association, US, Seattle, True
  • HAYASHI Takuya, 日本行動計量学会 第44回大会, 社会調査データを用いたタンデム・クラスタリング -完全データのクラスタリング、reduced k-meansとの比較を通して-, Oral presentation, Aug. 2016, 札幌学院大学, False
  • Okada,Akinori; Hayashi,Takuya, International Meeting of the Psychometric Society (IMPS) 2016, 81st meeting, Asymmetric Multidimensional Scaling of Cognitive Similarities Among Occupational Categories, Oral presentation, Jun. 2016, Renaissance Hotel in Asheville, NC, USA, True
  • HAYASHI Takuya, 日本行動計量学会, 職業の認知距離空間にみる地位集団の分化, Poster presentation, Sep. 2015, 首都大学東京, False
  • HAYASHI Takuya, 日本社会学会第87回大会, 職業への距離認知に関する計量分析(1) ―距離認知の次元構造―, Oral presentation, Nov. 2014, 神戸大学, False
  • HAYASHI Takuya, 日本行動計量学会, 職業選好-達成にみる非対称的距離構造, Oral presentation, Sep. 2012, 新潟県立大学, False
  • HAYASHI Takuya, 日本社会学会第82回大会, 職業志向性におけるアスピレーションモデルと多元的志向モデル ―特性認知・選好・達成レベルにおける比較検討―, Oral presentation, Oct. 2009, False
  • 林拓也, 数理社会学会第71回大会, 項目スキームに対応したダミー・コーディングとマルチレベル分析 ―平等化政策への支持態度に関する規定要因の分析を例に―, Poster presentation, 05 Sep. 2021
  • 林拓也, (独)統計センター研究集会「官民オープンデータ利活用の動向及び人材育成の取組」, 社会的属性による職業分離の構造 ―就業構造基本調査2007年・2017年オーダーメード集計データに基づく分析―, Oral presentation, 24 Nov. 2022


  • 子どもの人間関係づくりに関する調査, Apr. 2010, Mar. 2011

Research Projects

  • Apr. 2021, Mar. 2024, 21K01859, Principal investigator
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Apr. 2018, Mar. 2021, 18K01966, Coinvestigator, Multidimensional Aspects in Occupational Segregation: Longitudinal Trend in Japan and Cross-cultural Comparisons, 中尾 啓子; 脇田 彩; 大槻 茂実; 林 拓也, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Tokyo Metropolitan University, 4420000, 3400000, 1020000, 2019年度は,職業分離についての官庁統計を用いた日本国内の分析,ならびに国際比較研究を軸に研究を行った. まず日本国内の分析については,日本の職業と属性(性別・学歴・年齢)の関連についてその特徴をより明らかにするために,職業について職種だけでなく従業上の地位を考慮した分析を試みた.その結果,従業上の地位は性別により分離が生じていること,この分離の中でも医療・福祉・教育関係の専門職,事務職の一部,対人サービス職は女性,建設関連作業者、運輸・通信作業者、保安職は男性が多いという職種による職域分離も見られる.職業分離を従業上の地位を含んで分析した例は少なく,日本の職業分離を捉える重要な知見だと考えられる. 続いて国際比較研究は日本を含む東アジアの比較研究と,日本を含むアジア諸国と欧米諸国の計16カ国の比較研究を行った.東アジアの比較研究では日本・韓国・台湾の比較を行った.この比較から,東アジアでは分離の次元はいずれも学歴・スキルレベルと性別の2次元で共通であること,その中でも韓国はより性別職域分離が明確であり,台湾は相対的に性別職域分離が明確でないこと,そして日本は大卒資格に加えて年齢・世代が職域分離の重要な要因であることが明らかとなった. さらに,16カ国の比較研究から,職業と属性の関連について探索的に,4つのグループを析出した.このうち3つのグループは,産業構造の違いによって説明が可能であるが,日本が含まれるもう1つのグループでは,高度に産業化した社会であるにもかかわらず性別職域分離が強固に存在する.この結果から,産業化の進展により生得的な属性による影響が弱まるとする「産業化命題」を再考する必要性が示唆された.この16カ国の比較研究については,114th American Sociological Association Annual Meeting にて報告を行った., rm:presentations
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Apr. 2016, Mar. 2020, 16K04032, Principal investigator, A Quantitative Sociological Study on Status Groups and Socially-oriented Lifestyles, HAYASHI Takuya, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Nara Women's University, 4420000, 3400000, 1020000, We examined the lifestyle disparities of people from the viewpoint of socio-economic status, cultural activities and consumption behavior, and social networks. The social consciousness, which is assumed to be the basis of such lifestyle, was examined from two aspects of the current awareness and future orientation of Japanese society. In order to generate status groups that explains these linkages, a methodological and empirical exploration were executed using an index of cognitive distance to occupations., url
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Apr. 2015, Mar. 2018, 15K03818, Coinvestigator, The Effect of Education on Society Reconsidered, NAKAO Keiko; HAYASHI Takuya; OHTSUKI Shigemi; WAKITA Aya; HOSOKAWA Chihiro; SAITOH Yuya, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Tokyo Metropolitan University, 4680000, 3600000, 1080000, This study focused on the relationships between the level of a person’s education and the status of the occupation he/she achieves after completing that education. We applied statistical techniques using several larger datasets at the national level. When we analyzed the Japanese census data over the years, we found that the relationship between education and occupation has weakened dramatically especially in recent years. This implies that the benefit of a higher education is decreasing. We tried to find explanations. We also looked at the data in the United States for a cross-national comparison. We found the differences between the two countries in the following manner: in Japan, regardless of the level of education, we see a difference between males and females in the type of occupation they achieve; however in the U.S., such gender difference disappears once one achieves a higher education., url
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), Apr. 2013, Mar. 2016, 25285154, Coinvestigator not use grants, Employment Status of mothers and the educational inequality of children., YASUKOCHI KEIKO; MORIOKA KIYOSHI; ITO TAIRO; HOSHI ATSUSHI; NAKANISHI YASUKO; MITA YASUMASA; HAYASHI TAKUYA; AOKI TSUTOMU, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), Kyushu Institute of Technology, 17030000, 13100000, 3930000, In order to examine the relationships of the social stratum of family (father’s education, income, occupation), mother's employment status and their first child’s educational attainment, a survey was carried out in Setagaya City (Those surveyed 7,000, recovery rate 40.7 %). From the results of the survey, it was found out that a strong association is confirmed among those factors. In the high stratum families, mothers are likely to be housewives (no jobs), and their children are likely to take examinations of “private integrated middle and high school” ,and go to "private school". The children who go to “all private school”(through elementary-junior high-high schools) are 10.1%, "public elementary school → private junior high schools of integrated middle and high school" are 31.9%, and all " public school" are 22.4%. The children who go to “all public school" are likely to belong to the low stratum families and their mothers are likely to work (part-time or full-time)., url
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Apr. 2012, Mar. 2015, 24530625, Principal investigator, Dimensional Structure of the Status in Stratification/Class System in the Cognitive Distance to Occupations, HAYASHI TAKUYA; YAMAMOTO Keizo, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Nara Women's University, 4940000, 3800000, 1140000, Social distance is a concept which stands for the degree of proximity among social groups. In this study, we measure the cognitive distance to various occupations, and then explore what dimensions consist of the distance structure, what factors have effect on the cognitive distance. The main findings are as follows. First, as the dimensional structure of cognitive distance, four dimensions are extracted: status, gender segregation, autonomy, and white-collar jobs in business organization / jobs that require one's skill. Second, the factors that influence cognitive distance are one's own occupational attribute, the opportunity of cooperation of labor, and the relationships in private life (personal networks)., url
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), 2007, 2009, 19530441, Principal investigator, A Quantitative Study on Measuring Multi-dimensional Orientation of Occupation and Factors on it, HAYASHI Takuya, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Nara Women's University, 3510000, 2700000, 810000, The study aims at measuring occupational orientation based on the relation of cognitive feature and preference of occupations, constrasting two standpoints ; single orientation towards status and multi-dimensional orientations. After a pretest, the survey for male employees is conducted. Analyses for single/multiple orientation(s) are carried out in separate levels ; cognitive features, orientation, and attainment of occupation., url
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Apr. 2021, Mar. 2024, 21K01859, Principal investigator, Extended Network Data from Position Generator and Exploration for Social Relational Space, 林 拓也, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Nara Women's University, 3900000, 3000000, 900000



  • 日本社会学会, 社会学評論専門委員, Dec. 2015, Dec. 2018, Society

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